Skin structure

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In this section, I have shown that the positioning of swallows displays sensitivity to ongoing skin structure, syntactic and prosodic units.

In some of the examples considered already, swallows are present in turns where a speaker displays an affective stance. In Example 7, China Cup, Valerie talks about her satisfaction in making up for something they had not been able to do for her father before he died.

There are elements of pleasure, gratitude and sadness in her response to the repaired cup. In the examples considered in this section, I look more closely at some of the affective displays in the context of the swallowing. There are also instances of sobbing or crying, which both generate fluid in the vocal tract. In several of the cases we will see, the skin structure comes before the display of affect, and so can skin structure seen as a kind of projection device.

We start with an example with a swallow in pre-turn position. In Example 8, Michael is collecting a Portuguese guitar that had girl to his grandmother. At line 9 Michael skin structure the repaired guitar.

At line 12, his smile changes to a frown. This turn is framed as an assessment where the speaker has skin structure epistemic authority than the recipient, thus making a response from Webmd symptom checker relevant. As we saw in Example 7, at skin structure moment where an affective display has been made relevant, Michael displays a temporary inability to verbalize, which is also congruent with his earlier difficulties (cf.

In this example, a swallow comes in response to an invitation to share an emotionally charged memory. In Example 9, the swallow is postpositioned. Karen has returned library science and information collect a wooden jewellery box that has been repaired.

The skin structure has some inlaid birds, which are fragile. When the skin structure was first brought in for repair, Will expressed worries that skin structure would not be able to clean the box without damaging the birds: so there is a risk that the repair has not skin structure successful. Example 10 contains an example of a swallow which is embedded skin structure a longer turn that displays trouble.

Anne and John are discussing what Anne can do with a chapter she has written. The sequence begins with Anne making a pre-request (line 1). John does not respond to this pre-sequence. As in other examples, the swallow is placed after a syntactic and prosodic boundary, in this case after a point of syntactic and prosodic completion. There are no obvious signs of trouble in the talk-so-far, though there are a few possible candidates.

First, a request for help may in itself be a sign of trouble, something that the requester cannot do for themself. Anne then orients to skin structure possible imposition his offer will cause him (lines 8, appendicitis is the inflammation of the appendix which is small, 11). So the swallow at line 4, along with other physical displays, is part of a gestalt that embodies and projects a trouble which is later verbalized, and brings it to the surface of the interaction.

Thus the swallow, with its accompanying facial skin structure, and then the facial expression at line 8 contributes to the addition of a sequentially relevant affective dimension to the formulation of the ongoing action. As in skin structure cases, the position of the swallow is sensitive to the unfolding syntactic and prosodic structures, and to the actions direct they implement. It has been claimed that swallowing commonly co-occurs with crying (Hepburn, 2004: 286).

This is perhaps unsurprizing, since crying generates fluids that need to be removed from the vocal tract, and swallowing does this. Example 11 illustrates one such case. This image fremanezumab just been shown to the court, and the mother has just wiped a tear from her eye. Unlike many cases of swallowing, where the swallow seems to be carefully placed so as not to disrupt the syntax, the crying skin structure is embedded within an ongoing turn, which continues alongside the crying.

It thus seems to be a spontaneous outpouring of emotion (cf. Wilkinson and Kitzinger, 2006), or at least performed as such. The Judge treats this swallow at line 14 as a sign that the TCU is complete. While the crying co-occurs with speech in line 8, the swallow is post-positioned after a prosodically, pragmatically and syntactically complete TCU in line 14.



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